犬の寒さ対策は要注意 実は寒さに弱い犬の特徴とは?

犬の健康/犬の美容

【犬は寒さに強い】というイメージを持っている方も多いと思いますが、実は寒さに弱い犬種も中にはいます。

犬の祖先でもあるオオカミやシベリアンハスキーは寒さに強そうなイメージがありますよね?

ですが、犬種にもよるのですが中型犬や小型犬は寒さに弱いことでも知られています。

今回は、なぜ中型犬や小型犬は寒さに弱いのか、そして寒い冬の防寒対策についてご紹介していきます。

小型犬の寒さ対策特集
>> 【防寒】小型犬の寒さ対策 注意すべき事とは?

 寒さに強い犬と弱い犬の特徴とは?

犬は寒さに強いイメージを持つ方も多いと思いますが、実は犬の原産地や犬種、生活環境、体の大きさによって寒さに弱い犬種もいます。

寒さに強い犬の特徴

・寒冷地原産で体が大きい
⇨体の大きな大型犬は体積が大きいわりには表面積が少ないので、寒い場所でも体温を奪われにくいようになっています。

・ダブルコートの犬種
⇨柔らかい毛質で皮膚の保温をするアンダーコートと、皮膚を保護するオーバーコートからなっています。

2種類の毛が体を覆っているのでしっかり保温されているんですね。

暖かい季節になってくると、体を保温してくれていたアンダーコートは抜けていき、冬の前にまた生えてきます。

寒さに強い犬はほとんどがダブルコートの犬ということになります。

この2つの特徴を持つ犬種を例にあげましょう。

寒冷地原産
シベリアンハスキー、アラスカンマラミュートなど。

ダブルコート
ポメラニアン、ゴールデンレトリバー、柴犬、ボーダーコリーなど。

反対に暖かい国が原産地の犬種や、シングルコートの犬種は寒さには思ったほど強くはありません。

寒さに弱い犬の特徴

・シングルコートの犬種
⇨シングルコートの犬種はアンダーコートがほとんどなく、保温してくれる毛がダブルコートの犬種に比べて少ない。

・小型犬
⇨物理的に体が小さいので地面に体が近いので冷たい空気を感じやすいことと、体が小さいので体温が下がりやすい。

・老犬、幼犬
⇨生まれてまもない子犬や老犬は自分の体温を調節するのが難しいので、飼い主が暖かくなるような環境を作ってあげる。

毛布でマットを作ったり、ペット用ヒーターなんかもオススメです。

寒い季節は体調を崩してしまうワンちゃんも多いので、少し気を使ってあげて下さい。

犬の寒さ対策を屋内・屋外飼いに分けてご紹介

さて、寒さに弱い犬の特徴をご紹介したところで、さっそく犬の寒さ対策を室内飼いと屋外飼いに分けてご紹介していきます。

室内飼い向けの寒さ対策

そもそも、犬の適温温度は一般的に室温24度前後、湿度50%~60%だと言われています。

なので、室内飼いをしている方はこの適温を意識すると犬が快適に過ごせるはずでしょう。

暖房は空気が乾燥してしまうので、付けっ放しは気をつけて下さいね。

また、ホットカーペットや床暖房も冬には大活躍します。

しかし、ホットカーペットや床暖房を使う場合は、犬が熱いと感じたときの避難場所を作ってあげることを忘れないようにしましょう。

マットの上に毛布を敷いてあげたり、ペット用のヒーターを使うのもオススメですよ!

屋外飼い向けの寒さ対策

室内飼いに比べて、屋外飼いの場合は外気に触れることが多いため防寒対策はしっかりと行う必要があります。

基本的に小型犬や老犬を外で飼うということはあまりないと思いますので、ここでは主に大型犬などに向けたお話です。

屋外でワンちゃんを飼っている場合の多くは、犬小屋を設けていると思います。

冬場は特に中に毛布を敷いてあげたり、隙間を塞いだりして冷気が入ってくるのを少しでも減らすように工夫してあげて下さい。

犬は自分の匂いがその毛布などにつくと安心してそこで休むようになります。

さらに、真冬は湯たんぽをタオルなどでくるんで犬小屋に入れることで暖を取ることができます。

湯たんぽ代わりにペットボトルにお湯を入れて代用するのもオススメですよ。

また、犬小屋は風を受けないような位置を選ぶことも寒さから守る上で一つの知恵になります。

それが厳しい場合は、断熱材を周りに貼ったり、段ボールで犬小屋を囲ってあげることで、風をしのぐことができます。

また、寒さに強い犬でも寒さが厳しい日はできるだけ寒さ対策を行ってコミュニケーションをとっていくことが愛犬を長く健やかに育てる上で大切です。

今回ご紹介した寒さ対策を実践して、ワンちゃんたちが快適に過ごせる環境を整えましょう。

トイプードルの寒さ対策
>> 寒がりなトイプードルの冬の散歩時に気を付けるべき対策

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